systems are basically nonfunctional for
several years following birth.
When we reach puberty, hormonal changes in the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary gland
stimulate the gonads to begin
producing sex hormones.
occur in many body structures, the reproductive
organs mature, and gonads begin to produce gametes.
maturing in females in their 40s or 50s, and menopause
nA reduction in
hormone production that accompanies menopause
causes some atrophy of the reproductive organs and the breasts.
nThe vaginal wall
thickness decreases, as do glandular secretions for maintaining a lubricated and moist lining.
nThe uterus shrinks and atrophies, becoming much smaller than it was before puberty.